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User Guide

Market Access Map

Improving Transparency in International Trade and Market Access

 

Table of contents

Acronyms. 7

Introduction to Market Access Map. 9

Market Access Map data. 12

Market Access Map overview.. 15

Quick search. 21

Find tariffs. 23

Find tariffs step 1/2  23

Find tariffs step 2/2  26

Find non-tariff measures. 31

Find non-tariff measures step 1/2  31

Find non-tariff measures step 2/2 – Scenario A  34

Find non-tariff measures step 2/2 – Scenario B  36

Find trade remedies. 43

Find trade remedies step 1/2  43

Find trade remedies step 2/2  45

Trade agreements and rules of origin. 49

Trade agreements and rules of origin step 1/2  49

Trade agreements and rules of origin step 2/2  52

Compare tariffs. 55

Compare tariffs step 1/2  55

Compare tariffs step 2/2  57

Advanced analysis. 64

Tariff analysis. 65

Tariff analysis step 1/3  67

Tariff analysis step 2/3 – Detailed tariff analysis - Scenario A  69

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Detailed tariff analysis – Products view – Scenario A. 73

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Detailed tariff analysis – Importers view – Scenario A. 78

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Detailed tariff analysis – Exporters view – Scenario A. 81

Tariff analysis step 2/3 – Detailed tariff analysis – Scenario B  83

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Detailed tariff analysis – Products view – Scenario B. 85

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Detailed tariff analysis – Importers view – Scenario B. 88

Tariff analysis step 2/3 – Time series analysis - Scenario C  91

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Time series analysis – Scenario C  95

Tariff analysis step 2/3 – Time series analysis - Scenario D  98

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Time series analysis – Scenario D  102

Tariff reduction simulation. 105

Tariff reduction simulation step 1/3  107

Tariff reduction simulation step 2/3 – Scenario A  109

Tariff reduction simulation step 3/3 – Products view – Scenario A  117

Tariff reduction simulation step 3/3 – Importers view – Scenario A  121

Tariff reduction simulation step 3/3 – Exporters view – Scenario A  124

Tariff reduction simulation step 2/3 – Scenario B  126

Tariff reduction simulation step 3/3 – Products view – Scenario B  128

Tariff reduction simulation step 3/3 – Importers view – Scenario B  131

Advanced analysis – Manage your queries  133

Raw data download. 135

Tariff data download. 137

Tariff data download step 1/3  139

Tariff data download step 2/3 – Applied tariffs  141

Tariff data download step 2/3 – Final bound rates  144

Tariff data download step 3/3  146

Non- tariff measures download. 149

Non-tariff measures download step 1/3  149

Non-tariff measures download step 2/3  151

Non-tariff measures download step 3/3  154

Trade data download. 157

Trade data download step 1/2  157

Trade data download step 2/2  160

Raw data download – Manage your downloads  163

Country analysis. 165

Top 50 bilateral flows. 167

Top 50 bilateral flows step 1/2  167

Top 50 bilateral flows step 2/2  169

Top 50 Products. 173

Top 50 Products step 1/2  173

Top 50 products step 2/2  175

Tariff averages. 179

Tariff averages step 1/2  179

Tariff averages step 2/2  181

Tariff regimes by year 186

Tariff regimes by year step 1/2  186

Tariff regimes by year step 2/2  186

Publications and indicators. 188

Non-tariff measures links. 192

Non-tariff measures links step 1/2  192

Non-tariff measures links step 2/2  192

Options. 196

Manage country groups. 198

Manage product groups. 201

Manage default settings (quick search) 203

User account 206

Support Materials. 208

Data availability  211

Product nomenclatures  215

Tips & tricks. 217


 

Acronyms

AfDB - African Development Bank

AVE – ad valorem equivalent

CARICOM – Caribbean Community

CTS – Consolidated Tariff Schedule

EU – European Union

GSP – Generalised System of Preferences

HS – Harmonized System

ITC – International Trade Centre

NTL – national tariff line

NAV – non-ad valorem

NTMs – non-tariff measures

MAcMap – Market Access Map

MFN – most favoured nation

ROO – rules of origin

SITC – Standard International Trade Classification

TSIs – trade support institutions

TRAINS – Trade Analysis INformation System

UN Comtrade – United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database

UNCTAD – United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNSD – United Nations Statistics Division

WTO – World Trade Organisation

WTP – World Tariff Profile


 

Introduction to Market Access Map

Why?

In the increasingly globalised world economy, understanding market access conditions is essential for companies, trade support institutions (TSIs) and trade policy makers.

Exporting firms scan the global market for new opportunities and importers scan for potential new suppliers. To succeed, they must address several questions:

·         What customs tariffs do my products face around the world?

·         What rules of origin (ROO) do I need to comply with in order to qualify for a preferential tariff rate?

·         Which are the non-tariff measures (NTMs) that affect my trade?

TSIs need to set priorities for trade promotion by identifying promising products and import markets. To do so, they face another set of questions:

·         For what products does my country have an advantage in terms of market access?

·         Is my country fully utilising existing preferential tariff regimes?

·         Can my country import from alternative suppliers to minimise import tariffs?

Trade policy makers must understand their country’s market access profiles vis-à-vis their trading partners. They also need to anticipate future changes in tariff regimes and identify favourable scenarios. Trade policy makers and trade negotiators need to answer questions like:

·         How does my country compare with my competitors in terms of market access?

·         What products and markets are most sensitive for my country in terms of current trade negotiations?

·         What modalities for tariff reductions would be favourable for my country?

Market Access Map has been developed by the International Trade Centre (ITC) to answer these and related questions in order to facilitate strategic market research.

What?

Market Access Map (MAcMap) is an online market analysis tool that allows you to access and analyse a large volume of market access information. Market Access Map provides:

·         Applied tariff data for more than 191 countries, including most favoured nation (MFN) and preferential rates

·         Supporting information on bilateral, regional and multilateral trade agreements

·         Data on trade flows

·         Information on NTMs

Together with a user-friendly and interactive interface that allows you to:

·         Calculate ad valorem equivalent (AVE) tariffs

·         Compute product and country aggregations

·         Conduct tariff reduction simulations

Access to the application

Market Access Map is FREE for all users in developing countries thanks to the support of:

·         The European Commission

·         The World Bank

·         Donors to the ITC trust fund

Users can register at http://mas-admintools.intracen.org/accounts/Registration.aspx.

Users in developed countries can also obtain free access to a more restricted version of ITC’s Market Analysis Tools:

·         Market Access Map

·         Trade Map

·         Investment Map

·         Standards Map

Developed country users can subscribe to gain full access to these tools. See subscription options and fees.

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Market Access Map data

Data Sources

Market Access Map provides information on tariffs, non-tariff measures (NTMs) and trade data. This information is obtained from a variety of sources and you have the option of choosing their data source in some modules.

Applied tariffs data is based on the ITC (MAcMap) database which:

·         Contains applied tariffs, including general, most favoured nation (MFN) and preferential tariff rates actively collected by ITC from national institutions

·         Covers data from 2005 up to the most recent year

·         Includes ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) of all non-ad valorem (NAV) tariffs

·         Includes UNCTAD  (TRAINS) data for 1996-2005

Final bound rates are available for the WTO member countries and are sourced from the WTO’s Consolidated Tariff Schedule (CTS) Data Base. This dataset includes AVEs calculated according to WTO methodology.

Trade data in Market Access Map are retrieved from two trade databases:

1.       The ITC (Normalized trade matrix), which has the distinctive feature of being available in all HS revisions, thus, facilitating time series analyses and well matching to other data types, e.g. tariffs.

·         This dataset is based uniquely on yearly import data in values and covers the period from 2005 onwards.

·         The direct data is obtained from various sources, such as UN Comtrade and the WTO Integrated Data Base as well as from national institutions.

·         The statistics for missing years is calculated using mirror data (data reported by partner countries).

 

2.       The ITC (Trade Map) – UNSD (UN Comtrade), which shows the same values of exports and imports as Trade Map (www.trademap.org) but is different in terms of data availability: 

·         Market Access Map shows data from 1996 to 2000 sourced directly from UN Comtrade and not available in Trade Map

·         Only direct data are displayed, i.e. mirror statistics available in Trade Map are not shown

·         The data are available at HS 6-digit level or higher, while Trade Map also shows them at the National Tariff Line (NTL)

·         The data are yearly,  while Trade Map also provides monthly and quarterly statistics

·         Only import and export values are displayed, while Trade Map also provides quantities

NTMs are sourced from the ITC (MAcMap) database. This data has been collected from national official regulations by ITC from 2008 onward in cooperation with UNCTAD, the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the World Bank.

Data displayed in Market Access Map

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Market Access Map overview

Market Access Map consists of 6 modules. Each module contains one or more sub-modules. Below you will find an overview of the available interfaces.

Quick Search

Quick search allows simple, focused searches with single product and country selection. The quick search results are supplemented by in-depth information on rules of origin (ROO) and certification requirements. This module contains:

·         Find tariffs

·         Find non-tariff measures

·         Find trade remedies

·         Trade agreements and rules of origin

·         Compare tariffs

Advanced Analysis

Advanced analysis allows you to run advanced searches and get on screen results. Firstly, this module allows you to conduct simultaneous tariff searches where you can select any number of products and countries. Secondly, you can conduct tariff reduction simulations using different reduction formulae and importer/exporter/product combinations. In both cases you can work with predefined country and/or product groups. This module contains:

·         Tariff analysis

·         Tariff reduction simulation

Raw data download

Raw data download allows you to download large amount of data for individual analysis in different formats (i.e. Excel, CSV and ZIP). There are 3 sub-modules in this section:

·         Tariff data download

·         Non-tariff measures download

·         Trade data download

Country analysis

Country analysis allows you to access at-a-glance trade and market access information about a particular country. Specifically, you can learn about a country’s market access and trade position through the following sub-modules:

·         Top 50 bilateral flows

·         Top 50 products

·         Tariff averages

·         Tariff regimes by year

·         Publications and indicators

·         Non-tariff measures links

Options

The Options module allows you to manage several important parameters that are used regularly in Market Access Map searches through the following sub-modules:

·         Manage country groups

·         Manage Product groups

·         Manage default settings (Quick search)

·         User account

Support Materials

The Support materials module helps you navigate Market Access Map and learn more about the application and market access in general through the following sub-modules:

·         User guide

·         E-Learning

·         Data availability

·         Methodology

·         Product nomenclatures

·         Glossary

·         Useful links

·         Data providers

·         Sitemap

·         FAQs

·         Promote our sites

Navigation

You can access all of these sub-modules through the horizontal navigation bar at the top of the screen. Move your cursor over the module name to receive a drop-down menu with all underlying sub-modules. Click the sub-module of interest to access the page.

In addition, there is a bottom navigation bar at the end of each page containing links to relevant pages.

·         Home gives direct access to the Market Access Map homepage

·         About provides additional information on the Market Access Map project

·         Contact us shows ITC and United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) contact information

·         Usage Conditions links you to the Market Access Map terms and conditions

·         Newsletters  provides a list of the latest Market Analysis Tools newsletters

·         Glossary takes you to the Market Access Map glossary for technical terms

·         Site Map gives a full overview of the Market Access Map sub-modules

Finally, at the bottom of the screen, an activity bar provides information about your queries, the number of online users and any Market Access Map announcements.

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Quick search

what?

Quick search allows simple, focused searches with single product and country selection. Some of the quick search results are also supplemented by in-depth information on rules of origin (ROO) and certification requirements.

The Quick search is divided in the following sub-modules:

·         Find tariffs

·         Find non-tariff measures

·         Find trade remedies

·         Trade agreements and rules of origin

·         Compare tariffs

This module has been designed for companies to allow them to easily access information about their product of interest. Trade support institutions (TSIs) can use the Compare tariffs sub-module to identify promising products and markets.

HOW?

Quick search is the first module listed on the navigation bar at the top of the screen. When you move your cursor over the  icon, you will see a drop-down menu listing the different sub-modules. Click on the desired sub-module heading to access the interface.

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Find tariffs

WHAT?

Find applied tariffs, tariff rate quotas (TRQs), and their ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) applied by an importing country for a specific product, originating from a particular exporting country.

Find tariffs step 1/2

HOW?

1.     Select the Importing country e.g. United States of America

2.     Select the Year for which you want to find applicable tariffs

Note

Market Access Map automatically selects the most recent data for the importing country you selected.

3.     Identify the Product for which you want to find the applied tariffs by typing the product description or Harmonized System (HS) code in the search box e.g. 090210 – Green tea

You can use either:

In both cases, results will be shown at the NTL level. Check the HS revisions section of the FAQ for more information if you cannot find the product code you have in mind.

By default, the Product selection menu it is set to HS6 codes. If you wish to select an NTL code, select the  button above the product field.

Note

You will not be able to select the Product before having selected the Importing country, as the product code is conditional upon the HS revision used by the selected country.

At the NTL level, products may be defined in the official language of the importing country.

4.     Select the Exporting country e.g. Malawi

 

Note

Selecting “All” as the Exporting country will show the tariffs applied by one importing country to all potential exporters of the product. The exporting country is set to “All” by default.

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Find tariffs step 2/2

THE RESULTS

The query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search:

·         The first line restates that you are looking at tariffs applied by a specific importing country e.g. United States of America

·         Product refers to the selected product Harmonized System (HS) code and description e.g. HS6 090210 – Green tea

·         Partner refers to the exporting country you have selected e.g. Malawi

·         Data source from which you have retrieved the information

·         Year refers to the year selected e.g. 2013

·         Nomenclature shows which HS revision has been used e.g. HS 2012 revision

Below this overview, the results table displays the following columns:

·         Product code and Product description repeat the product HS code and description

·         Tariff regime informs you whether the importing country offers most favoured nation (MFN), general and/or preferential tariff rates for the selected product

·         Applied tariff (as reported) gives the tariff rate charged by the importing country to the selected product as reported by that country

·         Applied tariff (converted) shows the same tariff rate converted to standardised units of measurement

Note

To distinguish between applied tariffs and final bound rates see applied tariffs vs. final bound rates.

·         Total ad valorem equivalent (AVE) tariff shows the total tariff in percentage terms and is based on the selected AVE methodology

If you have selected “All” in step 1/2 the query overview will display “all partners”. The results table is now limited to the following columns:

·         Tariff regime gives the name of the tariff regime. Click on a tariff regime name to see a list of its members

·         Total ad valorem equivalent tariff shows the total tariff applied by the importing country in percentage terms. The word “total” refers to the fact that NAV tariffs may contain several components and they are all included in the AVE calculation

Through the Selected national tariff line (NTL) code drop-down menu, you can switch between national tariff lines (NTLs) that belong to the selected product.

Note

In the case of tariff rate quotas (TRQs) the results table displays the outside-quota tariff rate (OQTR) as well as the inside-quota tariff rate (IQTR).

In addition, the column Tariff quota details has been added on the right-hand side of the table. By selecting Details, additional information is given regarding the Quota volume and the Administration method.

 

You may start a new search or modify your existing search by pressing

 either below the query overview or at the bottom of the page.

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Find non-tariff measures

WHAT?

Find non-tariff measures (NTMs) applied by a reporter country to imports of a specific product from a particular market. Find regulations and procedures applied by exporting country to goods destined for sales abroad.

Find non-tariff measures step 1/2

HOW?

1.     Choose to View results by:

2.     For scenario B, choose between Non-tariff measures regulating either Imports or Exports. The default setting selects NTMs applying to Imports

3.     Select the Reporter country e.g. Morocco

Note

If you do not find your country in the drop-down menu product-specific data of this country is not yet available. You can consults third-party websites containing information on NTMs by going to Non-tariff measures links under the Country analysis module.

4.     The Year for your search is set to the latest available year by default

5.     Select the Partner country for which you want to see applicable NTMs e.g. Malawi. The default setting selects “World” as the partner

Note

Selecting “World” as the partner country will only show you multilateral NTMs. Selecting a specific country will show NTMs applied to exports originating from that country as well as multilateral ones.

6.     Select the Product at either the HS6 or national tariff line (NTL) level e.g. HS6 090210 – Green tea

You can use either:

By default, the Product selection menu it is set to HS6 codes. If you wish to select an NTL code, select the  button above the product field.

Note

You will not be able to select the Product before having selected the Reporter (country applying regulations), as the product code is conditional upon the HS revision used by the selected country.

 

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Find non-tariff measures step 2/2 – Scenario A

WHAT?

Step 2/2 of scenario A shows you a complete list of non-tariff measures (NTMs) that apply to the country/product you selected, regardless of the NTM chapter.

THE RESULTS

The query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search:

·         The first line restates that you are looking at legislation applied by the selected Reporter country e.g. Morocco

·         Product refers to the product Harmonized System (HS) code and description e.g. 090210 – Green tea

·         Partner shows the selected partner country e.g. Malawi

·         Year shows the year in which the data was collected

You may start a new search or modify your existing search by pressing

either below the parameters or at the bottom of the page.

Below this overview, the results table displays the following columns:

·         Title and summary of the legislation (English) 

·         Title and summary of the legislation (national language)

·         Third party source

·         Implementing authority

·         NTM chapter, according to the multi-agency classification of NTMs 

Data is not always available for these columns. However, in many cases, the official name of the NTM should allow you to find the relevant documents on-line.

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Find non-tariff measures step 2/2 – Scenario B

WHAT?

Step 2/4 of scenario B shows you the non-tariff measures (NTMs) that apply to the country/product you selected according to NTM chapter. The chapters are defined according to the multi-agency classification of NTMs. See the Methodology sub-module for further information on the NTM classification.

THE RESULTS – NTM chapters

The query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search:

·         The first line restates whether you are looking at Import or Export related regulations applied by the selected Reporter country

·         Product refers to the product Harmonized System (HS) code and description e.g. 090210 – Green tea in immediate packings

·         Total national tariff lines (NTL) affected shows how many national tariff line (NTL) codes of the HS6 product are affected by these NTMs

·         Partner shows the selected partner country e.g. Malawi

·         Year shows the time when the data was collected

You may start a new search or modify your existing search by pressing

either below the parameters or at the bottom of the page.

Below this overview, the results table displays the following columns:

·         Measures applied by importing (exporting) country shows the NTMs chapters that apply to the country/product you selected. To view these in further detail you may press the relevant NTM chapter in the left-hand column

·         Number of affected NTL products, shows how many products defined on the NTL level of the importing country are affected by the NTMs categorized under this chapter. This may be the entire HS6 group or a subset of products

Finally, you can access a detailed overview of the rules of origin (ROO) specific to the selected country by clicking the link just below the NTMs table.

THE RESULTS – NTM leafs

When you press the NTM chapter in the previous interface, the application breaks the NTM chapter down into underlying NTM leafs containing 3 digits. These leafs are defined according to the multi-agency classification of NTMs. See the Methodology sub-module for further information on the NTM classification.

Once again, the query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search:

·         The first line restates whether you are looking at Import or Export related regulations applied by the selected Reporter country

·         Product refers to the product Harmonized System (HS) code and description

·         Type of NTM shows the NTMs chapter we are dealing with in regards to the product you selected e.g. SPS

·         Number of national tariff lines (NTL) affected

·         Partner shows the selected partner country e.g. Malawi

·         Time of last update shows the time when the data was collected

You may start a new search or modify your existing search by pressing

 either below the query overview or at the bottom of the page.

Below this overview, the results table displays the following columns:

·         NTM Code shows the 3-digit codes of the NTM subcategories as defined by the multi-agency classification of NTMs. All of these fall under the broader category you selected before e.g. SPS

·         Measures applied by importing country defines the categories corresponding to this NTM code. Click on the relevant leaf name in the left-hand column to view the exact NTMs and their specific requirements

·         The right hand column, Number of affected NTL products, shows how many products defined at the NTL level of the importing country are affected by the NTM subcategory e.g. 1 in the case of NTM code A310. This subcategory may be the entire HS6 group you selected or a subset of products

THE RESULTS – NTMs

The final level of detail in scenario B lists those exact measures applied by the reporting country that fall under the selected non-tariff measure (NTM) leaf e.g. A130: Labelling requirements.

First, the query overview displays the following columns:

·         The first line restates whether you are looking at Import or Export related regulations applied by the selected Reporter country

·         Product displays the product Harmonized System (HS) code and description

·         Type of NTM shows the NTM leaf that applies to the product you selected e.g. Labelling requirements

·         Number of national tariff lines (NTL) affected

·         Partner shows the selected partner country e.g. Tanzania

·         Year shows the time when the data was collected

You may start a new search or modify your existing search by pressing

 below the overview or at the bottom of the page.

Beneath these fields you will find an overview of what exact category and subcategory you are exploring. Below these you will find a results table listing all applicable NTMs that have been classified under a subcategory.

Each NTM is numbered and displays information based on the following categories:

·         Countries affected shows you:

o     Affected countries/regions e.g. World

o     Additional comments on affected countries/regions

·         Product shows you:

o     Product level reported in the legislation e.g. HS6

o     National tariff line product coverage which can be either

§    Full, indicating that all NTL products falling under the product code level reported in the legislation are affected.

§    Partial, indicating that not all NTL products falling under the product code level reported in the legislation are affected.

o     Additional comments on the affected product

·         Information on the non-tariff measure (NTM) shows you:

o     Free description of the NTM which may contain key words, comments and, if available, the stated objective of the measure.

o     Additional comments on the NTM

·         Time shows you:

o     Start date on which the measure went into force e.g. 03.2010

o     End date on which the measure is expected to end

o     Date of data collection e.g. July 2014

Note

Dates are shown in the MM.YYYY format. When the End date is not specified in official documents, the end date will be displayed as 01.9999.

·         Legislation shows you:

o     Official title of the legislation (English)

o     Official title of the legislation (national language)

o     Implementing authority

o     Objective/purpose of the legislation

o     Voluntary NTM is a Boolean whose value is either ‘True’ or ‘False’

o     Download pdf of the legislation

o     Web link (national source) provides an official link to the NTM’s legal text of reference, if available

·         Additional information shows you:

o     Reference to international or regional agreement, when retrieved national regulation is related to international agreements

o     Title of the international or regional agreement, if available

On this page, Market Access Map lists all available NTMs that fall under the selected subcategory in sequence.

 

Note

Market Access Map cannot guarantee complete and fully up-to-date coverage off all NTMs applied by a reporter country. You can find additional third-party NTM information via Non-tariff measures links at the bottom of the page.

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Find trade remedies

WHAT?

Find anti-dumping duties, countervailing duties or safeguard duties applied by an importing country for a specific product, originating from a particular exporting country.

Find trade remedies step 1/2

HOW?

1.     Select the Type of remedy e.g. Anti-dumping duties. The default setting selects all trade remedies

2.     Select the Importing country e.g. Turkey

3.     Select the Year for which you want to find trade remedy measures that are in force

Note

Market Access Map automatically selects the most recent data for the importing country you selected.

4.     Select the Exporting country e.g. China

5.     Identify the Product to which trade remedies apply by typing the product description or the Harmonized System (HS) code in the search box e.g. 4412321000 - Plywood

You can use either:

In both cases, results will be shown at the NTL level. Check the HS revisions section of the FAQ for more information if you cannot find the product code you have in mind.

By default, the Product selection menu is set to HS6 codes. If you wish to select an NTL code, select the  button above the product field.

Note

You will not be able to select the Product before having selected the Importing country, as the product code is conditional upon the HS revision used by the selected country.

At the NTL level, products may be defined in the official language of the importing country.

 

[Return to the Table of Contents]

 

Find trade remedies step 2/2

THE RESULTS

The query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search:

·         The first line restates that you are looking at trade remedies applied by a specific importing country e.g. Turkey

·         Product refers to the selected product Harmonized System (HS) code and description e.g. HS6 441231 – Plywood

·         Partner refers to the exporting country you have selected e.g. China

·         Year refers to the year selected e.g. 2013

·         Data source from which you have retrieved the information

·         Last update shows the date (MM/YY) when the data was last updated

Below this overview, the results table displays the following columns:

·         Type of remedy indicates whether the remedy is an anti-dumping duty, countervailing duty or safeguard duty

·         Status of remedy informs you what the legal status of the remedy is. Trade remedies can be under investigation, provisional, definitive or in a state of revision. The latter indicates that the measure has been/is being reviewed for extension beyond the initial end date

·         Duty shows the duty levied under this trade remedy

·         Start date and End date show you for which period the trade remedy will be in place

Note

The implementation of a trade remedy may continue after the end date indicated in the results table if their status changes. This may be accompanied by a change in the duty that is levied.

·         Title of the reference shows the title of the document from which the information was collected. This can be the title of an official government record or a WTO notification

·         Links to relevant pdf provides access to a PDF version of the reference document

·         Third party web links provides a link to the webpage where the reference document was originally found

·         Additional information displays any additional comments regarding the trade remedy

If you have selected an HS6 product code in step 1/2 you will see a Selected national tariff line (NTL) code drop-down menu just above the results table. Here, you can select any product which is subject to the trade remedy at the national tariff line (NTL) underlying the HS6 product code you selected.

You may start a new search or modify your existing search by pressing

 either below the query overview or at the bottom of the page.

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Trade agreements and rules of origin

WHAT?

The Trade agreements and rules of origin sub-module lists all tariff regimes that are in effect between selected countries and provides links to the rules of origin (ROO) necessary to benefit from a particular tariff regime. Blank forms for certificates of origin are also provided.

Trade agreements and rules of origin step 1/2

HOW?

1.     Select the Country e.g. Russian Federation

2.     Define whether the country selected is the:

o    Importer (SCENARIO A)

o    Exporter (SCENARIO B)

If you are planning to sell your product internationally select your country as Exporter. If you are looking to buy goods produced abroad select your country as Importer

3.     Select the Partner country for which you want to see applicable tariff regimes. The default setting selects “All” as the partner, which will show trade agreements applied or faced by the reporter with respect to the rest of the world

Note

When you select your Country as an Importer, Market Access Map shows all tariff regimes applied by that country, including non-preferential arrangements, e.g. the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) scheme offered by the Russian Federation to developing countries.

Note

When you select a single Partner, you can freely interchange the Country and Partner countries as long as you also redefine the Country as an Exporter/Importer. The results of these queries will be identical.

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Trade agreements and rules of origin step 2/2

the RESULTS – Scenario A

When the Country was defined as an Importer, the results table displays the following columns:

·         Trade agreement description describing the tariff regimes between two countries under consideration

·         Rules of origin listing web links to third party sources that allow you to identify and interpret the trade agreement’s requirements. Additional documents related to these agreements are also listed here

·         Certificates / Forms listing web links to forms that the exporter must complete to benefit from the tariff regime

the RESULTS – Scenario B

When the Country was defined as an Exporter, the results table displays the following columns:

·         Importer country

·         Year shows the latest year for which tariff data is available

·         Trade agreement description describing the tariff regimes between two countries under consideration

·         Rules of origin listing web links to third party sources that allow you to identify and interpret the trade agreements requirements. Additional documents related to these agreements are also listed here

·         Certificates/forms listing web links to forms that the exporter must complete to benefit from the tariff regime

You may start a new search or modify your existing search by pressing

either below the parameters or at the bottom of the page

Note

In this sub-module, the results table displays all the rules of origin (ROO) between a country and its partner. However, ROO are product-specific. Therefore, it is important to read the ROO documents in order to determine what rules apply to you, if any.

[Return to the Table of Contents]

 


 

Compare tariffs

WHAT?

This module allows you to compare applied tariffs across countries in order to identify favourable market access conditions for your exports or suppliers for your imports. Step 1/2 defines the parameters for your search.

Compare tariffs step 1/2

HOW?

·         Select the Country in which your importer or exporter is based e.g. Malawi

·         Choose whether the selected country is an Importer or an Exporter. If you are planning to sell your product internationally select your country as Exporter. If you are looking to buy goods produced abroad select your country as Importer

Note

When the Country is selected as the Importer, you can compare tariffs faced by partner countries down to the national tariff line (NTL) level. If the country is defined as an Exporter, this is not possible as NTL codes differ

among importing countries. In this case, the  box cannot be selected.

At the NTL level, products may be defined in the official language of the importing country.

·         Select the Product for which you want to compare tariffs at either the HS2, HS4, HS6 or NTL level e.g. 0902 – Tea, whether or not flavoured

Your tariff data source is noted under Selected data source.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Compare tariffs step 2/2

WHAT?

This module allows you to compare applied tariffs across countries in order to identify favourable market access conditions. Step 2/2 displays a table comparing either:

·         Tariffs applied by all countries to the selected export product when the Country has been defined as an Exporter in the previous step i.e. if you are planning to sell your products internationally (SCENARIO A)

·         Tariffs applied by the importing country to all potential exporters of the selected product when the Country has been defined as an Importer in the previous step i.e. if you are looking to import goods produced abroad (SCENARIO B)

the Results: scenario a

Scenario A shows tariffs applied by all countries to the country defined as an exporter in the previous step for the selected export product. This allows you to scan the world for export markets with preferential market access conditions for your exports.

The query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search:

·         The first row restates that you are searching for tariffs applied by all importing countries to the country you selected e.g. Malawi

·         Product shows the product Harmonized System (HS) code and description e.g. 0902 – Tea, whether or not flavoured

·         Trade year shows the year for which all trade data are given in the results e.g. 2011

·         Applied tariff data source shows the source of all tariff data on the page

·         Trade data source shows the source of all trade data on the page

·         AVE methodology shows which methodology was used to calculate ad valorem equivalent (AVE) tariffs

You may start a new search or modify your existing search by pressing

either below the parameters or at the bottom of the page.

Below this overview, the results table displays the following columns:

·         Importing country lists all importing countries alphabetically. All countries with available tariff data are shown alphabetically independently of whether they trade with each other

·         Year refers to the last year for which tariff data is available. The trade data year is the same for all countries and is specified in the query overview

·         Revision shows which revision of the HS is used by each importing country. See the FAQ sub-module for additional information

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines show how many national tariff lines (NTLs) belong to the HS6 product you selected

Note

When the Country is defined as an exporter, the applied tariffs you retrieve are imposed by each importing country. They are defined at national tariff line which is different country by country (not harmonized internationally). Therefore, you cannot select NTL codes when you run searches that require a comparison between importing countries.

·         Level of protection gives an at-a-glance view of the tariff treatment applied to the selected product per destination market. The AVE tariff applied per importing country is visualized using a colour code based on the legend below

 

·         [Country]’s exports to partner countries provides exports trade data in US$ ’000 indicating the existing trade relations between their home country and potential target markets. These trade data are based on the Trade year indicated in the query overview. Empty column indicates that the selected product is not traded between these countries or the data is not available

·         Total ad valorem equivalent tariff shows a simple average of AVEs of the NTL rates belonging to the selected HS6 code. This number is the basis for the colour code in the column Level of protection

Note

If you have selected a product group at HS2 or HS4 level, then the results table will show the trade weighted average of underlying tariff rates at HS6 level. See Methodology for further detail on how the data is aggregated in Market Access Map.

 

·         Corresponding HS6 codes in the importing country revision allows you to check which HS6 product codes (and NTL codes) are used to build a correspondence with the product you initially selected. Use the Click here link to access this overview. If this column is empty, the product code has never changed across HS revisions

·         Source shows the source of the tariff data for the year specified in the 2nd column

You may switch to a geographical perspective by pressing the Map  tab above the results table.

Countries on the map are coloured according to the level of protection they apply to the selected product. This colour-coding uses the same legend discussed in the results table. The country marked in pink is the importing/exporting country you selected in step 1/2 e.g Malawi.

Trade (value in US$ ‘000) figures are added to the map in the form of bubbles. The size of the bubble displayed on a particular country (e.g. Russian Federation) reflects the volume of bilateral trade between that country and the importing/exporting country you selected in step 1/2 e.g Malawi.

When you move your cursor over a particular country, the map displays a pop-up overview of applied tariffs and bilateral trade between this country (e.g. Russian Federation) and the importing/exporting country you selected in step 1/2 e.g Malawi. The pop-up overview shows several variables:

·         Applied tariff gives the total ad valorem equivalent tariff levied according to the selected HS code e.g. 0%

·         Applied tariff year refers to the last year for which tariff data is available, followed by the source of this data e.g. 2013 (ITC)

·         Nomenclature shows which revision of the HS is used by each importing country

·         Trade in US$ ‘000 gives the bilateral trade figure between the two countries for the trade year specified in the query overview e.g. US$ 2,478,660 for 2011

To navigate around the map and zoom in/out, use the navigation icons on the left-hand side of the map:

        


the Results: scenario B

Scenario B shows tariffs applied by the country defined as an importer in the previous step to all potential exporters of the selected product. This allows you to scan the world for suppliers that have preferential access to your market. The example used is based on a Moroccan exporter of juice looking for suppliers of plastic bottles:

Again, the query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search Scenario B differs from scenario A in that:

·         The first line states that you are searching for tariffs applied by the country you selected (e.g. Morocco) to all exporting countries

·         Applied tariff year shows the latest year for which tariff data is available from the importer e.g. Morocco

·         Nomenclature indicates the HS revision in which the Applied tariff year data is denoted

Below this overview, the results table displays the following columns:

·         Exporting country lists all exporting countries. The number of potential partner countries shown depend on data availability

·         Total ad valorem equivalent tariff shows a simple average of ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) of the national tariff line (NTL) rates belonging to the selected HS6 code. This number is the basis for the colour code in the column Level of protection

Note

If you have selected a product group at HS2 or HS4 level, then the results table will show the trade weighted average of underlying tariff rates at HS6 level. See Methodology for further detail on how the data is aggregated in Market Access Map.

·         Level of protection gives an at-a-glance view of the tariff treatment applied to the selected product per destination market. The AVE tariff applied per importing country is visualized using a colour code based on the legend below

·         [Country]’s imports from partner countries provides imports trade data in US$ ’000 in order to help you identify existing suppliers. These data refer to the Trade year indicated above the results page. An empty column indicates that the selected product is not traded between these countries or the data is not available

[Return to the Table of Contents]

Advanced analysis

What?

This module allows you to create more advanced queries than those available in Quick search. Specifically, Advanced analysis allows you to conduct:

·         Tariff analysis

·         Tariff reduction simulation

Both sub-modules allow you to define queries for:

·         Applied tariffs

·         Final bound rates

In addition, in each of these sub-modules, you can select multiple products and countries simultaneously. You can also work with predefined country and/or product groups.

The Advanced analysis module has been designed for those who need to perform more complex analysis of market access conditions. The Tariff analysis sub-module can offer the “big picture” in market access by product, sector or country group level. This may be especially valuable for trade support institutions (TSIs), trade policy analysts and trade negotiators. The Tariff reduction simulation sub-module shows the possible outcomes of trade liberalisation negotiations.

HOW?

You can find the module Advanced analysis on the navigation bar at the top of the page. When you move your cursor over the  tab, you will see a drop-down menu listing the different sub-modules. Choose any one of them by clicking on the desired sub-module heading.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff analysis

WHAT?

This module allows you to analyse applied tariffs, final bound rates and trade statistics involving multiple products and countries. The sub-module also allows you to generate time series data for applied tariffs and import values between multiple countries.

FEATURES

This sub-module offers you the following set of options:

1.     Create a new query lets you define a new set of parameters for your search

2.     Manage your queries lets you edit, complete, share or delete existing queries

3.     Execute predefined queries allows you to execute or modify searches that have been set by default as examples

If you wish, you may pre-define country groups and/or product groups for future searches through the links above the icons.


 

Tariff analysis step 1/3

WHAT?

You are defining a new set of parameters to execute an advanced query in Market Access Map. Importantly, you will have to decide on the nature of your search.

HOW?

1.     Name your new query e.g. Tea exports

2.     Write an accompanying Description for future reference (optional)

3.     Choose between the two types of analysis:

 

Criteria

Detailed tariff analysis

Time series analysis

Year

Single year (most recent)

Multiple years

Most detailed product level

NTL

HS6

Combination with import data

No

Yes

Final bound rates

Yes

No

 

4.     If you have chosen Detailed tariff analysis, use the drop-down menu to select whether you want to:

·          Analyse Applied tariffs (SCENARIO A)

·          Analyse Final bound rates (SCENARIO B)

 

 

Note

For more info on the difference between applied tariffs and final bound rates see the FAQ sub-module.

 

5.     If you have chosen Time series analysis, use the drop-down menu to select whether you want to

·         Analyse Applied tariffs only (SCENARIO C)

·         Analyse Applied tariffs and trade data (SCENARIO D)

 

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff analysis step 2/3 – Detailed tariff analysis - Scenario A

HOW?

Step 2/3 of detailed tariff analysis requires you to set the parameters for your applied tariffs query. You must select the:

1.     Aggregation methodology for aggregating the tariff data. Market Access Map gives you the possibility to choose among the following methodologies:

·         Bilateral imports

·         Reference group imports (default selection)

·         World imports

For more information on aggregation methodologies, please check the Methodology sub-module.

2.     AVE methodology to calculate ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) from non-ad valorem (NAV) tariffs. While the default setting is AVE based on the World Tariff Profile (WTP), you may also select AVE based on the World Unit Value

3.     Importers, either as individual countries or as groups

4.     Products, either at the HS2, HS4 or HS6 level of aggregation. Independently of your selection you will be able to see the results at any level, including the national tariff line (NTL)

5.     Exporters, once more individually or by group

6.     Tariff rate for aggregation, which either looks at Minimum rates or Maximum rates. See tariff rate aggregation: maximum vs. minimum rates

NOTE

In general, “non-preferential rate” refers to the most favoured nation (MFN) rate applied by WTO member countries and the General tariff applied by countries outside the WTO. However, some countries apply both MFN rates (to their WTO partners) and General tariffs (to other countries) e.g. the Russian Federation and the United States of America. In this case, Market Access Map will show the highest rate, hence the term “maximum rate”.

In general, “preferential rate” refers to the preferences granted to partner countries in the context of trade agreements or unilateral tariff preferences. These rates are lower than MFN or General tariffs. Several preferential schemes may exist between two countries, e.g. a regional trade agreement and the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP). In this case Market Access Map will show the lowest rate, hence the term “minimum rate”. If no preferential schemes exist between selected countries, the MFN or General tariff will be displayed.

7.     Type of view to determine what will be the default tab of your query result. If needed, this can be changed in the result page

Note

You may directly remove countries/products you have previously selected by clicking the red cross on the right side of the entry. Alternatively, you can re-open the countries/products selection window by clicking on          < Modify >.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Detailed tariff analysis – Products view – Scenario A

WHAT?

The Products view tab of the query result shows the tariffs that apply on each product between one importing and one exporting country. You can use this view to compare applied tariffs levied on different products.

The query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search:

·         Data source used for your search

·         Year in which the tariff rate applies. In this sub-module, queries always use the latest year available

·         Nomenclature used to display the results

·         AVE estimation methodology

·         Aggregation methodology (only at the HS4 and HS2 level)

·         Tariff rate for aggregations (only at the HS6, HS4 and HS2 level), either minimum rates or maximum rates

 

Below this overview, the results table displays applied tariffs in the following columns:

·         Product code

·         Product description

·         Total ad valorem equivalent (AVE) tariff that applies to the product

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines (NTLs), indicating how many national subdivisions are made by the importing country beyond the selected Harmonized System (HS) classification

HOW?

You can control the data displayed in the table by selecting the:

1.     Importing country from the drop-down menu, offering you the choice between any countries selected as importers in the previous step e.g. Russian Federation

2.     Exporting country from the drop-down menu, offering you the choice between any countries selected as exporters in the previous step e.g. China

After changing the original selection, press  to update the table.

You may download the data from the table directly by selecting

You can adjust the level of aggregation of the product and the specific importing/exporting country at any time using the Product level drop-down menu.

If you select National Tariff Line (NTL) code the results table will show three additional columns:

·         Tariff regime showing the name of the tariff regime that applies to the NTL product code

·         Applied tariff (as reported) by the importing country

·         Applied tariff (converted) to standardised units of measurement

Note

You can switch the results table view by selecting the desired tab at the top of the page:

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Detailed tariff analysis – Importers view – Scenario A

WHAT?

The Importers view tab of the query result shows a table containing the tariffs levied on the product(s) from the selected Exporting country in each of the previously selected importing countries. Exporter can use this view to compare potential target markets side by side.

The query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search:

·         AVE estimation methodology

·         Aggregation methodology (only at the HS4 and HS2 level)

·         Tariff rate for aggregations (applicable only at the HS6, HS4 and HS2 level), either Minimum rates or Maximum rates

 

Below this overview, the results table displays applied tariffs in the following columns:

·         Importing country

·         Year in which the tariff rate applies

·         Source of the presented data

·         Nomenclature indicating which HS revision is used by the importing country

·         Total ad valorem equivalent tariff

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines, indicating how many national subdivisions are made by the importing country beyond the selected Harmonized System (HS) classification.

 

HOW?

You can control the data displayed in the table by selecting the:

1.     Exporting country from the drop-down menu, offering you the choice between any countries selected as exporters in the previous step

2.     Product from the drop-down menu, which is conditional upon the selected level of product aggregation HS2-HS4-HS6

Note

As this tab shows tariffs across importing countries, you cannot disaggregate to the national tariff line (NTL) code.

After changing the original selection, press   to update the table.

You may download the data from the table directly by selecting

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Detailed tariff analysis – Exporters view – Scenario A

WHAT?

The Exporters view tab of the query result shows a table containing the tariffs levied on the product(s) from the selected importing country in each of the previously selected exporting countries. Exporters can use this view to benchmark their country against competing exporting countries.

Applied tariffs appear in the results table following the listing of your query parameters. From left to right, the table columns list the:

·         Exporting country

·         Total ad valorem equivalent tariff

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines, indicating how many national subdivisions are made by the importing country beyond the selected Harmonized System (HS) classification.

HOW?

You can control the data displayed in the table by selecting the:

1.     Importing country from the drop-down menu, offering you the choice between any countries selected as importers in the Previous step

2.     Product from the drop-down menu, which is conditional upon the selected level of product aggregation HS2-HS4-HS6-national tariff line (NTL) code

After changing the original selection, press  to update the table.

You may download the data from the table directly by selecting.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff analysis step 2/3 – Detailed tariff analysis – Scenario B

HOW?

Step 2/3 requires you to set the parameters for your query:

1.     Data source is selected by default. We use the official source for final bound rates, the WTO (CTS) database

2.     AVE methodology is also selected by default. In the final bound rates scenario, we report the ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) calculated according to the World Tariff Profile (WTP) methodology

3.     Importers, either as individual countries or as groups

Note

Please select only countries that members of the WTO when analysing final bound rates as these rates are negotiated in the GATT/WTO context and are only applicable to the WTO Member countries. The final bound rates do not exist for non-members. Accordingly no records will be displayed.

 

4.     Products, either at the HS2, HS4 or HS6 level of aggregation e.g. 0902 – Tea, whether or not flavoured

5.     Type of view to determine what will be the default tab of your query result. If needed, this can be changed in the result page

Note

You may directly remove countries/products you have previously selected by clicking the red cross on the right side of the entry. Alternatively, you can re-open the countries/products selection window by clicking on       < Modify >.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Detailed tariff analysis – Products view – Scenario B

WHAT?

The Products view tab of the query result shows the final bound rates committed by one Importing country on all the products selected in your query.

The query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search:

·         Data source used for your search

·         Nomenclature used to display the results

·         AVE estimation methodology

 

Below this overview, the results table displays final bound rates in the following columns:

·         Product code

·         Product description

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines, indicating how many national subdivisions are made by the importing country beyond the selected HS classification

·         Total ad valorem equivalent (MIN of underlying NTLs) that applies to the product

·         Total ad valorem equivalent (MAX of underlying NTLs) that applies to the product

·         Total ad valorem equivalent (AVG of underlying NTLs) that applies to the product

HOW?

You can control the data displayed in the table by selecting the Importing country from the drop-down menu, offering you the choice between any countries selected as importers in the previous step.

After changing the original selection, press  to update the table.

You may download the data from the table directly by selecting

You can adjust the level of aggregation of the product and the specific importing/exporting country at any time using the Product level drop-down menu.

Note

You can switch the results table view by selecting the desired tab at the top of the page:

Exporters view is not available for final bound rates in step 1/3 (scenario B). Final bound rates are tariff ceilings committed by the WTO Member countries in the context of the GATT/WTO negotiations and are equally applicable to all WTO Member countries, rendering Exporters view irrelevant.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Detailed tariff analysis – Importers view – Scenario B

WHAT?

The Importers view tab of the query result shows a table containing final bound rates committed by all the importing countries selected in your query.

The query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search:

·         Data source

·         AVE estimation methodology

 

Below this overview, the results table displays final bound rates in the following columns:

·         Importing country

·         Harmonized System (HS) Product code

·         Product description

·         Nomenclature indicating which HS revision is used by the importing country

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines, indicating how many national subdivisions are made by the importing country beyond the selected HS classification

·         Total Ad Valorem Equivalent (MIN of underlying NTLs) that applies to the product

·         Total Ad Valorem Equivalent (MAX of underlying NTLs) that applies to the product

·         Total Ad Valorem Equivalent (AVG of underlying NTLs) that applies to the product

HOW?

You can control the data displayed in the table by selecting the Product from the drop-down menu, which is conditional upon the selected level of product aggregation HS2-HS4-HS6.

After changing the original selection, press  to update the table.

You may download the data from the table directly by selecting

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff analysis step 2/3 – Time series analysis - Scenario C

HOW?

Step 2/3 of time series analysis requires you to set the parameters for your applied tariffs query. You must select the:

1.     Aggregation methodology (only at the HS4 and HS2 level). Market Access Map gives you the possibility to choose among the following methodologies:

·         Bilateral imports

·         Reference group imports (default selection)

·         World imports

For more information on aggregation methodologies, please check the Methodology sub-module.

2.     AVE methodology to calculate ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) from non-ad valorem (NAV) tariffs. While the default setting is AVE based on the World Tariff Profile (WTP), you may also select AVE based on the World Unit Value (WUV)

3.     Importer/Reporter, either as individual countries or as groups

4.     Products, either at the HS2, HS4 or HS6 level of aggregation. Independently of your selection, you will be able to see the results at any level, including the national tariff line (NTL)

5.     Exporter/Partner, once more individually or by group

6.     Tariff rate for aggregation, which either looks at Minimum rates or Maximum rates. See tariff rate aggregation: maximum vs. minimum rates

NOTE

In general, “non-preferential rate” refers to the most favoured nation (MFN) rate applied by WTO member countries and the General tariff applied by countries outside the WTO. However, some countries apply both MFN rates (to their WTO partners) and General tariffs (to other countries) e.g. the Russian Federation and the United States of America. In this case, Market Access Map will show the highest rate, hence the term “maximum rate”.

In general, “preferential rate” refers to the preferences granted to partner countries in the context of trade agreements or unilateral tariff preferences. These rates are lower than MFN or General tariffs. Several preferential schemes may exist between two countries, e.g. a regional trade agreement and the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP). In this case, Market Access Map will show the lowest rate, hence the term “minimum rate”. If no preferential schemes exist between selected countries, the MFN or General tariff will be displayed.

7.     Year(s) for which you want to analyse the relevant applied tariffs

Note

You may directly remove countries/products you have previously selected by clicking the red cross on the right side of the entry. Alternatively, you can re-open the countries/products selection window by clicking on          < Modify >.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Time series analysis – Scenario C

WHAT?

The time series analysis query result shows the tariffs that apply on each product between one importing and one exporting country for each of the selected years. You can use this view to compare applied tariffs levied on different products across different years.

The query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search:

·         Applied tariff data source used for your query

·         Imports data source used for your query, if any

·         AVE estimation methodology

·         Aggregation methodology (only at the HS4 and HS2 level)

·         Tariff rate for aggregations (only at the HS6, HS4 and HS2 level), either Minimum rates or Maximum rates

 

Below this overview, the results table displays applied tariffs in the following columns:

·         Reporter or importer

·         Partner or exporter

·         Selected year for which the tariff applies

·         Product code for which the tariff applies

·         Product description

·         Nomenclature for the product in the selected year

·         Applied tariff year

·         Total ad valorem equivalent (AVE) tariff that applies to the product in the applied tariff year

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines (NTLs), indicating how many national subdivisions are made by the reporter beyond the selected Harmonized System (HS) classification

HOW?

You can control the data displayed in the table by applying a filter to the Reporter, Partner, Selected year, Product code, Product description, Applied tariff year. To apply a filter, start typing the object you want to isolate into the filter text box at the top of the column  and select the appropriate value from the drop-down menu. To remove a filter, press the X to the right of the filter text box. .

You may download the data from the table directly by selecting

[Return to the Table of Contents]

Tariff analysis step 2/3 – Time series analysis - Scenario D

HOW?

Step 2/3 of time series analysis requires you to set the parameters for your applied tariffs and trade data query. You must select the:

1.     Import data source for your search. While the default data source is ITC (Trade Map) – UNSD (UN Comtrade), you may also select the ITC (Normalized trade matrix) database

2.     Aggregation methodology (only at the HS4 and HS2 level). Market Access Map gives you the possibility to choose among the following methodologies:

·         Bilateral imports

·         Reference group imports (default selection)

·         World imports

For more information on aggregation methodologies, please check the Methodology sub-module.

3.     AVE methodology to calculate ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) from non-ad valorem (NAV) tariffs. While the default setting is AVE based on the World Tariff Profile (WTP), you may also select AVE based on the World Unit Value (WUV)

4.     Importer/Reporter, either as individual countries or as groups

5.     Products, either at the HS2, HS4 or HS6 level of aggregation. Independently of your selection, you will be able to see the results at any level, including the national tariff line (NTL)

6.     Exporter/Partner, once more individually or by group

7.     Tariff rate for aggregation, which either looks at Minimum rates or Maximum rates. See tariff rate aggregation: maximum vs. minimum rates

NOTE

In general, “non-preferential rate” refers to the most favoured nation (MFN) rate applied by WTO member countries and the General tariff applied by countries outside the WTO. However, some countries apply both MFN rates (to their WTO partners) and General tariffs (to other countries) e.g. the Russian Federation and the United States of America. In this case, Market Access Map will show the highest rate, hence the term “maximum rate”.

In general, “preferential rate” refers to the preferences granted to partner countries in the context of trade agreements or unilateral tariff preferences. These rates are lower than MFN or General tariffs. Several preferential schemes may exist between two countries, e.g. a regional trade agreement and the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP). In this case, Market Access Map will show the lowest rate, hence the term “minimum rate”. If no preferential schemes exist between selected countries, the MFN or General tariff will be displayed.

8.     Year(s) for which you want to analyse the relevant applied tariffs

Note

You may directly remove countries/products you have previously selected by clicking the red cross on the right side of the entry. Alternatively, you can re-open the countries/products selection window by clicking on          < Modify >.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff analysis step 3/3 – Time series analysis – Scenario D

WHAT?

The time series analysis query result shows the tariffs that apply on each product between one importing and one exporting country for each of the selected years. In addition to the applied tariffs, trade data is given when available for a given year. You can use this view to compare applied tariffs levied on different products across different years and assess the importance of the corresponding trade flows.

The query overview reports the parameters you entered in your search:

·         Applied tariff data source used for your query

·         Imports data source used for your query

·         AVE estimation methodology

·         Aggregation methodology (only at the HS4 and HS2 level)

·         Tariff rate for aggregations (only at the HS6, HS4 and HS2 level), either Minimum rates or Maximum rates

 

Below this overview, the results table displays applied tariffs and trade data (when available) in the following columns:

·         Reporter or importer

·         Partner or exporter

·         Selected year for which the tariff applies

·         Product code for which the tariff applies

·         Product description

·         Nomenclature for the product in the selected year

·         Trade year, when trade data is available for the applied tariff year

·         Import amount (USD ‘000), when trade data is available for the applied tariff year

·         Applied tariff year

·         Total ad valorem equivalent (AVE) tariff that applies to the product in the applied tariff year

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines (NTLs), indicating how many national subdivisions are made by the reporter beyond the selected Harmonized System (HS) classification


 

HOW?

You can control the data displayed in the table by applying a filter to the Reporter, Partner, Selected year, Product code, Product description, Applied tariff year. To apply a filter, start typing the object you want to isolate into the filter text box at the top of the column  and select the appropriate value from the drop-down menu. To remove a filter, press the X to the right of the filter text box. .

You may download the data from the table directly by selecting  

[Return to the Table of Contents]

Tariff reduction simulation

WHAT?

This sub-module allows you to simulate tariff reduction of either applied tariffs or final bound rates. By selecting a specific reduction coefficient, setting tariff ceilings and creating your own reduction formula you can observe the impact of one or multiple scenarios on the initial tariff.

Note

Market Access Map does not provide an economic model for simulating the economic outcome of tariff reductions on a country’s economy. The tariff reduction simulations sub-module simply provides a tool to show the tariffs before and after a reduction using a particular reduction scenario and reduction coefficient.

 

Features

This sub-module offers you the following set of options:

1.     Create a new simulation lets you define a new set of parameters for your own analysis

2.     Manage your simulations lets you edit, complete, share or delete existing simulations

3.     Manage your scenarios lets you edit, modify or delete your reduction scenarios

If you wish, you may pre-define country groups and/or product groups for future searches through the links located above the icons:


 

Tariff reduction simulation step 1/3

WHAT?

You are defining a set of parameters to execute a Tariff reduction simulation in Market Access Map. In this first step you can name your simulation and choose between applied tariffs and final bound rates.

HOW?

1.     Name your new simulation e.g. Canada textile imports from CARICOM

2.     Write an accompanying Description for future reference

3.     Use the drop-down menu to choose whether to run your simulation using:

Note

For more info on the difference between applied tariffs and final bound rates see the FAQ sub-module.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff reduction simulation step 2/3 – Scenario A

WHAT?

You are defining a set of parameters to execute a Tariff reduction simulation of applied tariffs in order to prepare for bilateral or regional trade negotiations. In this second step you define your reduction scenario, countries and products.

HOW?

1.     Choose the AVE methodology you would like to use. You can  select AVEs based on the:

·         World Tariff Profile (WTP) methodology

·         World Unit Value (WUV) methodology

2.     Choose the Tariff rate for aggregations you would like to use. You can aggregate tariffs applied at the NTL using the:

·         Maximum rates applied to products at the NTL

·         Minimum rates applied to products at the NTL

NOTE

Select “Maximum rate” for applied tariff rate simulations if you do not want to take into account the existing preferences.

In general, “non-preferential rate” refers to the most favoured nation (MFN) rate applied by WTO member countries and the General tariff applied by countries outside the WTO. However, some countries apply both MFN rates (to their WTO partners) and General tariffs (to other countries) e.g. the Russian Federation and the United States of America. In this case, Market Access Map will show the highest rate, hence the term “maximum rate”.

Select “Minimum rate” for applied tariff rate simulations if you simulate further tariff reductions for countries that already have trade agreements or grant unilateral tariff preferences. 

In general, “preferential rate” refers to the preferences granted to partner countries in the context of trade agreements or unilateral tariff preferences. These rates are lower than MFN or General tariffs. Several preferential schemes may exist between two countries, e.g. a regional trade agreement and the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP). In this case Market Access Map will show the lowest rate, hence the term “minimum rates”. If no preferential schemes exist between selected countries, the MFN or General tariff will be displayed.

For more information on these parameters and the underlying calculations, see the Methodology page in the Support materials sub-module.

 

3.     Select the Importers  for which you want to analyse the tariff reduction schedule using the country selection menu e.g. Canada

4.     Select the Products  for which you want to analyse the tariff reduction schedule using the product selection menu e.g. 62 – Articles of apparel and clothing accessories

5.     Select your Exporters using the country selection menu e.g. all Caribbean Community (CARICOM) members

6.     Choose any number of existing tariff reduction Scenarios, or create a new one by selecting

The Create new scenario pop-up window allows you to define and save specific tariff reduction formula using the desired reduction coefficients, tariff ceilings and other criteria. Before creating a new scenario remember to:

a)     Name your scenario. Using a descriptive name will make it easier to select the correct scenario from the selection menu in the future

b)    Add an optional scenario Description

c)     Choose a Tariff reduction formula from the drop-down menu:

i)              The Linear Formula reduces all tariff rates by the reduction coefficient you have entered e.g. 20%. You may choose to add a tariff ceiling after your formula has been applied by ticking the box and entering the desired percentage e.g. 12%

Note

A tariff ceiling checks the tariff rate AFTER the tariff reduction prescribed by the formula. If the reduced tariff exceeds the ceiling, the tariff is replaced by the ceiling tariff rate. 

ii)             The Swiss simple formula reduces all tariff rates based on the reduction coefficient you have entered and according to the formula below. Just as before, you may add a tariff ceiling

Note

Tariff reduction formulas define the relationship between the initial tariff structure and the reduced tariff structure.

The Linear formula is defined as initial tariff * (1-reduction coefficient). This is the simplest type of tariff reduction and the standard way a percentage reduction is calculated.

The Swiss formula is defined as (initial tariff x reduction coefficient) / (initial tariff + reduction coefficient). The Swiss formula cuts higher tariffs disproportionately more than the linear formula and can be used to eliminate tariff peaks.

As an example, see the effect of the Swiss formula and the linear formula below. Although the reduction coefficient is the same, the tariffs after reduction are very different.

 

 

iii)            The Tiered Approach reduces tariff rates depending on the Range an initial tariff falls into. For each tariff range, you can choose to reduce tariffs using either a linear or Swiss formula in the drop-down menu.

For each range you may choose to add a tariff ceiling after selecting your formula by ticking the box and entering the desired percentage

Note

You define a range by setting a lower and/or upper limit. Ranges must be defined in INCREASING order of initial tariff rate. Therefore, you enter only an upper limit for the first rate and only the lower limit for the last range.

iv)            The User defined option reduces tariff rates according to a formula you define yourself e.g. subtracting 30% from the initial tariff and then halving the remaining rate

Saved scenarios will appear in the scenario selected box next time you set your parameters for a reduction simulation.

 

7.     Select the Type of view for the results page. In the drop down menu, you can choose between:

·         Products view

·         Importers view

·         Exporters view

Note

You can easily switch between the type of view in the results page. The default setting is products view.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff reduction simulation step 3/3 – Products view – Scenario A

WHAT?

The Products view tab of the simulation result shows the tariff rate reductions that apply on each product between one importing and one exporting country.

Applied tariffs appear in the table following the query overview. From left to right, the table columns list the:

·         Harmonized System (HS) Product Code

·         Product description

·         Total ad valorem equivalent tariff before the reduction

·         Ad valorem equivalent (AVE) tariff after the reduction under the [scenario name] heading e.g. “Linear red. 20%”. This is the result of running the scenario on the existing tariff once e.g. the AVE of the original tariff of 18% levied by Canada on the product HS 620111 imported from Barbados was decreased by 3.60% to 14.40%. This column will be repeated for every [scenario name] you have selected in the previous step

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines, indicating how many national subdivisions are made by the importing country beyond the selected Harmonized System (HS) classification. This is shown only for results with product aggregations e.g. at HS6 or HS4 level

HOW?

You can control the data displayed in the table by selecting the:

1.     Importing country from the drop-down menu, offering you the choice between any countries selected as importers in the previous step

2.     Exporting country from the drop-down menu, offering you the choice between any countries selected as exporters in the previous step

After changing the original selection, press  to update the table.

You may download the data from the table directly by selecting

You can change the level of aggregation of the product(s) displayed in the table at any time using the Product level drop-down menu.

Note

You can switch tables by selecting the desired tab at the top of the page:

Note

When you have defined a tariff ceiling, the [scenario name] column will return the ceiling as long as the AVE tariff after the reduction exceeds this ceiling. Here Canada levies tariffs of 18% on HS6 product 620111. After a reduction of 20%, the resulting tariff is 14.40%. This rate is in excess of the 12% ceiling set by [Linear red. 20% with 12% ceiling]. Therefore, the simulation returns the ceiling value in the [Linear red. 20% with 12% ceiling] column.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff reduction simulation step 3/3 – Importers view – Scenario A

WHAT?

The Importers view tab of the simulation results shows tariff reductions applied to one exporting country by all the importing countries selected in your query for a single product at a time.

Simulation results appear in the table following the query overview. From left to right, the table columns list the:

·         Importing country

·         Year in which the tariff rate applies

·         Data source

·         Total ad valorem equivalent tariff before the reduction

·         Ad valorem equivalent (AVE) tariff after the reduction under the [scenario name] heading e.g. “Linear red. 20%”. This is the result of running the scenario on the existing tariff once e.g. the AVE of the original tariff of 18% levied by Canada on the product HS 620111 imported from Barbados was decreased by 3.60% to 14.40%. This column will be repeated for every [scenario name] you have selected in the previous step

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines, indicating how many national subdivisions are made by the importing country beyond the selected Harmonized System (HS) classification

·         Nomenclature indicating which HS revision is used by the importing country

HOW?

You can control the data displayed in the table by selecting the:

1.     Exporting country from the drop-down menu, offering you the choice between any countries selected as exporters in the previous step e.g. all CARICOM countries

2.     Product from the drop-down menu, which is conditional upon the selected level of product aggregation HS2-HS4-HS6 e.g. 620111 – Mens/boys overcoats

Note

As this tab shows tariffs across importing countries, you cannot disaggregate to the national tariff line (NTL) code.

After changing the original selection, press  to update the table.

You may download the data from the table by selecting  

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff reduction simulation step 3/3 – Exporters view – Scenario A

WHAT?

The Exporters view tab of the simulation result shows the impact of your tariff reduction simulation on the tariffs applied by one importing country to all the exporting countries selected in your query for one product at a time.

Simulation results appear in the table following the query overview. From left to right, the table columns list the:

·         Exporting country e.g. any CARICOM country

·         Total Ad Valorem Equivalent (AVE) tariff before the reduction

·         Ad Valorem Equivalent (AVE) tariff after the reduction under the [scenario name] heading e.g. “Linear red. 20%”. This is the result of running the scenario on the existing tariff once e.g. the AVE of the original tariff of 18% levied by Canada on the product HS 620111 imported from Barbados was decreased by 3.60% to 14.40%. This column will be repeated for every [scenario name] you have selected in the previous step

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines (NTLs), indicating how many national subdivisions are made by the importing country beyond the selected Harmonized System (HS) classification (shown only for results with product aggregations, e.g. at HS6 or HS4 level)

HOW?

You can control the data displayed in the table by selecting the:

1.     Importing country from the drop-down menu, offering you the choice between any countries selected as importers in the previous step e.g. Canada

2.     Product from the drop-down menu, which is conditional upon the selected level of product aggregation, i.e.HS2-HS4-HS6-national tariff line (NTL) product code

After changing the original selection, press  to update the table

You may download the data from the table by selecting

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff reduction simulation step 2/3 – Scenario B

WHAT?

You are defining a set of parameters to execute a Tariff reduction simulation of final bound rates, e.g. to prepare for multilateral (WTO) negotiations. In this second step you select countries, products and reduction formulae.

HOW?

Step 2/3 requires you to set the parameters for your query.

1.     Data source is selected by default. We use the official source for final bound rates, the WTO (CTS) database

2.     AVE methodology is also selected by default. In the final bound rates scenario, we report the ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) calculated according to the World Tariff Profile (WTP) methodology

3.     Select the Importers  for which you want to analyse the tariff reduction schedule using the country selection menu e.g. Canada

Note

For more information on the underlying AVE calculations, see the Methodology page in the Support materials sub-module.

Only select countries that are members of the WTO when analysing final bound rates. These rates are negotiated in a GATT/WTO context and therefore are only applicable to the WTO Member countries. Final bound rates do not exist for non-members. Accordingly, no records will be displayed.

4.     Select the Products  for which you want to analyse the tariff reduction schedule using the product selection menu e.g. 62 – Articles of apparel and clothing accessories

5.     Choose any number of existing tariff reduction Scenarios, or create a new one by selecting

[Return to the Table of Contents]

Tariff reduction simulation step 3/3 – Products view – Scenario B

WHAT?

The Products view tab of the simulation result shows the tariff rate reductions that apply on each product between one importing and one exporting country.

Final bound rates appear in the table following the query overview. From left to right, the table columns list the:

·         Harmonized System (HS) Product Code

·         Product description

·         Total Ad Valorem Equivalent (AVG of underlying NTLs) before the reduction

·         Ad valorem equivalent (AVE) tariff after the reduction under the [scenario name] heading e.g. “Linear red. 20%”. This is the result of running the scenario on the existing tariff once e.g. the AVE of the original tariff of 18% levied by Canada on the product HS 620111 imported from Barbados was decreased by 3.60% to 14.40%. This column will be repeated for every [scenario name] you have selected in the previous step

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines (NTLs), indicating how many national subdivisions are made by the importing country beyond the selected Harmonized System (HS) classification (shown only for results with product aggregations, e.g. at HS6 or HS4 level)

·         Minimum applied rate

 

 

HOW?

You can control the data displayed in the table by selecting the Importing country from the drop-down menu, offering you the choice between any countries selected as importers in the previous step

After changing the original selection, press   to update the table.

You may download the data from the table directly by selecting

You can change the level of aggregation of the product(s) displayed in the table at any time using the Product level drop-down menu.

Note

You can switch tables by selecting the desired tab at the top of the page:

[Return to the Table of Contents]

 

Tariff reduction simulation step 3/3 – Importers view – Scenario B

WHAT?

The Importers view tab of the simulation results shows final bound rate reductions applied to one exporting country by all the importing countries selected in your query for a single product at a time.

Simulation results appear in the table following the query overview. From left to right, the table columns list the:

·         Importing country

·         No. of corresponding national tariff lines, indicating how many national subdivisions are made by the importing country beyond the selected Harmonized System (HS) classification

·         Total Ad Valorem Equivalent (AVG of underlying NTLs) before the reduction

·         Ad valorem equivalent (AVE) tariff after the reduction under the [scenario name] heading e.g. “Linear red. 20%”. This is the result of running the scenario on the existing tariff once e.g. the AVE of the original tariff of 18% levied by Canada on the product HS 620111 imported from Barbados was decreased by 3.60% to 14.40%. This column will be repeated for every [scenario name] you have selected in the previous step

·         MFN applied rate

·         MFN applied rate year

·         Nomenclature indicating which HS revision is used by the importing country

HOW?

You can control the data displayed in the table by selecting the Product from the drop-down menu, which is conditional upon the selected level of product aggregation HS2-HS4-HS6 e.g. 620111 Mens/boys overcoats

Note

As this tab shows tariffs across importing countries, you cannot disaggregate to the national tariff line (NTL) code.

After changing the original selection, press  to update the table.

You may download the data from the table by selecting  

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Advanced analysis – Manage your queries

WHAT?

The Manage your queries page displays a list of all the queries you previously created in the Tariff analysis and Tariff reduction simulation sub-modules. Here you can edit, complete, execute or delete your queries.

The queries are listed in a table with the following columns:

·         Name shows the name you entered for your original query

·         Description lists the description you entered for your original query. As this was an optional entry, cells in this column may be blank

·         Type shows the basic query properties you selected for your query in step 1/3

·         Created on shows the date on which the query was created. This is followed by the date and time of the last query run’s start and finish

HOW?

·         Select Edit on the left-hand side of the table to re-enter step 1/3 of the query definition. All fields will be completed exactly as they were saved at the last query run. You can modify any field

·         Select Execute on the right hand side of the table to re-run a query using the exact same parameters as those entered at the last query run. You will be redirected to the Products view result page

·         Select  on the right hand side of the table to delete the query from the list

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Raw data download

What?

The Raw data download module allows you to download different types of data using the following sub-modules:

·         Tariff data download

·         Non-tariff measures download

·         Trade data download

These sub-modules are designed for researchers and analysts who want to download larger amounts of data to conduct their own analysis and calculations.

To accommodate those users looking for customized data, the search function has been made as flexible as possible in this module. In order to speed up query download times, no graphs or analyses are provided in this module.

HOW?

You can find the module Raw data download on the navigation bar at the top of the page. When you move your cursor over the  tab, you will see a drop-down menu listing the different sub-modules. Choose any one of them clicking on the desired sub-module heading.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff data download

What?

In the Tariff data download sub-module you can download up to 50,000 rows of data on applied tariffs and final bound rates per day. By defining your query, you may download data for multiple years, products and countries.

Note

Due to data protection considerations, you cannot download the current year’s data. However, you will be able to access and analyse these data using the sub-module Tariff analysis.

 

Features

This sub-module offers you the following set of options:

1.     Prepare a new download lets you define a new set of parameters for your download

2.     Manage your downloads lets you edit, complete, share or delete previously defined downloads

3.     Download predefined queries lets you execute or modify searches that have been set by default as examples

If you wish, you may pre-define country groups and/or product groups for future searches using the links above the icons.


Tariff data download step 1/3

WHAT?

You are defining a new set of parameters in order to download tariff data from Market Access Map. First, you need to decide whether to download applied tariffs (paid at customs) or final bound rates (legal commitments in the GATT/WTO framework).

HOW?

1.     Name your new download query

2.     You may want to add an accompanying Description for future reference

3.     Choose between downloading Applied tariffs or Final bound rates in the Download drop-down menu

4.     Keep the Full MFN schedule box checked if you want to quickly download the complete most favoured nation (MFN) tariff schedule applied by a single country for a single year to all products at the national tariff line (NTL) level.


If you uncheck the box you can select and download MFN and preferential tariffs for multiple countries and multiple years at different levels of product aggregations (i.e. HS2, HS4, HS6, NTL)

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff data download step 2/3 – Applied tariffs

WHAT?

You are defining a new set of parameters to execute a data download for applied tariffs in Market Access Map.

HOW? Scenario A – Full mfn schedule

Step 2/3 requires you to set the parameters for your query. If you have checked the Full MFN schedule box in the previous step, you must now choose the:.

1.     AVE methodology to calculate the AVEs of non-ad valorem (NAV) tariffs. While the default setting is AVE based on the World Tariff Profile (WTP), you may also select AVE based on the World Unit Value

2.     Importer country e.g. Brazil

3.     Year for which you want to download applied tariff rates. The application automatically selects the latest available year

How? Scenario B – MFN and preferential rates

If you have deselected the Full MFN schedule box in the previous step, you must now choose the following parameters for your download:

1.     AVE methodology to calculate ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) of non-ad valorem (NAV) tariffs. While the default setting is AVE based on the World Tariff Profile (WTP), you may also select AVE based on the World Unit Value

2.     Product level either at HS aggregation (HS2, HS4, HS6) or national tariff line (NTL). When you select NTL, the Aggregation method and Tariff rate for aggregation parameters become irrelevant and disappear

3.     Aggregation methodology for the tariff data. Market Access Map gives you the possibility to choose between:

·         Bilateral imports

·         Reference group imports

·         World imports

4.     Tariff rate for aggregation, which either looks at minimum rates or maximum rates. For more information on product aggregation, see the Methodology sub-module

5.     Importers, either as individual countries or as groups

6.     Products at the level of aggregation selected in step 3

7.     Exporters, individually or by group

8.     Year(s) for which you want to download applied tariff rates. The application automatically selects the latest available year

[Return to the Table of Contents]

Tariff data download step 2/3 – Final bound rates

WHAT?

You are defining a new set of parameters to execute a data download for final bound rates in Market Access Map.

How?

If you have deselected the Full MFN schedule box in the previous step, you must now choose the following parameters for your download:

1.     Data source is selected by default. We use the official source for final bound rates, the WTO (CTS) database

2.     AVE methodology is also selected by default. In the final bound rates scenario, we report the ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) calculated according to the World Tariff Profile (WTP) methodology

3.     Product level is only available at the HS aggregation (HS2, HS4, HS6). When using WTO final bound rates, tariff structures at the national tariff line (NTL) become irrelevant

4.     Importers, either as individual countries or as groups

5.     Products at the HS aggregation level

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff data download step 3/3

WHAT?

In the final step your query is executed. You will be notified by email when the query results are ready to be downloaded. This email notification can be switched on and off under the Options module.

Once your data has been prepared for downloading, you will see an overview of the download query noting the query Name and Description followed by the remaining number of downloading records for your Market Access Map account.

Finally, you may select a Data Format for your download between:

·         CSV

·         Zip

·         Excel (with template)

You can get an overview of previous downloads or change your current query by pressing  or  respectively

 

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Non- tariff measures download

What?

In the Non-tariff measures download sub-module you can download up to 50,000 rows of data on non-tariff measures (NTMs). By defining your query, you may download data for multiple years, products and countries.

Features

This sub-module offers you the following set of options:

1.     Prepare a new download lets you define a new set of parameters for your download

2.     Manage your downloads lets you edit, complete, share or delete previously defined downloads

If you wish, you may pre-define country groups and/or product groups for future searches using the links above the icons:

Non-tariff measures download step 1/3

WHAT?

You are defining a new set of parameters to execute a non-tariff measures (NTMs) data download in Market Access Map.

HOW?

1.     Name your new download query

2.     You may want to add an accompanying Description for future reference

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Non-tariff measures download step 2/3

WHAT?

You are defining a new set of parameters to download non-tariff measures (NTMs) data in flat format (by product and type of measure) from Market Access Map.

HOW?

Step 2/3 requires you to set the parameters for your query. You must now choose:

1.     Type of measure you are looking for. You can choose between

·         Measures applied to imports

·         Measures applied to exports

·         All measures

2.     Reporter applying the measures e.g. Belgium

3.     Products for which these measures apply e.g. HS4 code 1806 – Chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa

4.     Partner country(ies) from where the product is importer or to where the product is exported

5.     Year for which the data is available in Market Access Map

Note

Only years for which data is available will be displayed under Year.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Non-tariff measures download step 3/3

WHAT?

In the final step your query is executed and you are able to download the results. You will be notified by email when the query results are ready to download.

Once your data has been prepared for downloading, you will see an overview of the download query noting the query Name and Description followed by the remaining number of downloading records on your Market Access Map account.

Finally, you may select a Data Format for your download between:

·         CSV

·         Zip

·         Excel (with template)

You can get an overview of previous downloads or change your current query by pressing  or  respectively.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Trade data download

 

Trade data download step 1/2

WHAT?

The Trade data download sub-module allows you to download data on the value of trade flows between two countries or two country groups for several years and products.

How?

Step 1/2 of the Trade data download sub-module requires you to set the parameters for your query. You must select the:

1.     Data source for your download. In the drop-down menu you can choose between the:

·         ITC (Normalized trade matrix), which is the default option

·         ITC (MAcMap) - UNSD (UN Comtrade) database

2.     Reporter country(ies). You can also select Standard Groups and/or Custom Groups e.g. European Union

3.     Trade flow, either Import or Export (or Re-export and Re-import if UN Comtrade is selected as the data source)

4.     Partner country

5.     Year(s) for which to download the trade data

After selecting steps 3 to 6, press  in order to enter your selection into the Selected countries and Years box. You can include multiple combinations for countries and years in your download by clicking  after each selection.

Note

Remember to Add each bilateral trade flow after you have selected it.

The Selected countries and Years box restates the combination(s) you added and allows you to move between pages using a navigation bar at the bottom of the table. You may delete combinations from your download query by clicking  in the left column of the table.

Note

Select the arrow icon  on the left of the Reporter country to expand a group into its members.

 

6.     Product for which you want to see the trade data e.g. 1806 – Chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa

·         If you have selected the Harmonized System (HS) in step 2 you can choose between HS2, HS4 or HS6 level of product aggregation, with the default selection set to All products (HS2)

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Trade data download step 2/2

WHAT?

This page displays the results table for your query, which you can view on screen or download.

the results

First, the result page recaps the Nomenclature and Data source you have selected in the previous step. Then, you are given the option to select:

·         New Query

·         Modify Query

·         Download File

After that, the page displays a results table with the following columns:

·         Reporter lists every reporting country you selected, including the breakdown of country groups (e.g. European Union)

·         Partner indicates countries-trading partners of the selected reporter

·         Trade flow has been selected as import or export in the previous step

·         Year displays the year for which the trade data is given. The table is ranked from distant years to recent ones.

·         Product code according to the selected nomenclatures

·         Product description

·         Revision shows you the revision that used by the reporting country in each selected year

·         Trade amount (US$ ‘000) gives the tradevalue for this product in thousands of US dollars

 

NOTE

The navigation bar at the bottom of the page allows you to navigate between result pages and select the maximum number of items per page via the Page size drop-down menu.

Once you select , you will get an overview of the amount of download records available for your account. Before starting your download, you have the option to choose a Data Format between:

·         CSV

·         Zip

·         Excel (with template)

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Raw data download – Manage your downloads

WHAT?

The Manage your downloads page displays a list of all the download queries you previously constructed in the Tariff data download and Non-tariff measures download sub-modules. Here you can edit, complete, execute or delete your download queries.

The queries are listed in a table with the following columns:

·         Name shows the name you entered for your original download query

·         Description lists the description you entered for your original download query. As this was an optional entry, cells in this column may be blank

·         Type shows the basic download query properties you selected in step 1/3

·         Created on shows the date on which the download query was created

·         Status shows the date and time of the last download’s start and finish. It is supplemented by the duration of the download and the number of records it contained

HOW?

·         Select Edit on the left-hand side of the table to re-enter step 1/3 of the download query definition. All fields will be completed exactly as they were saved at the last query run. You can modify any field.

·         Select Download on the right hand side of the table to re-run a download using the exact same parameters as those entered at the last run. If the download query was not completed, the cell will display Incomplete. Select Edit to complete your query.

·         Select  on the right hand side of the table to delete the query from the list

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Country analysis

What?

The Country analysis module allows you to easily access at-a-glance information about a particular country. Specifically, you can learn about a country’s market access, trade performance, trends and indicators for broad product aggregations through the following sub-modules:

·         Top 50 bilateral flows

·         Top 50 products

·         Tariff averages

·         Tariff regimes by year

·         Publications and indicators

·         Non-tariff measures links

 

Note

Top 50 products shows 50 products with the highest export or import value (independently of the partner country), while top 50 bilateral flows shows top exports or imports to top partner countries. 

Use Tariff regimes by year to access information on trade agreements.

 

HOW?

You can find the module Country analysis on the navigation bar at the top of the page. When you move your cursor over the  tab, you will see a drop-down menu listing the different sub-modules. Choose any one of them by clicking on the desired sub-module heading

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Top 50 bilateral flows

WHAT?

Here you can search for the top 50 bilateral trade flows between a specific country and its partners. The results are listed by decreasing trade value per product.

Note

Results will be displayed at the HS6 digit code level.

 

Top 50 bilateral flows step 1/2

HOW?

1.     Select a Country for which you want to obtain bilateral trade flows e.g. South Africa

2.     Select the Year for the trade data. The latest available year is selected by default

3.     Tick one of the two boxes to indicate whether you want to see the top 50:

·         Exported products by destination (SCENARIO A)

·         Imported products by origin (SCENARIO B)

Note

Top 50 products shows 50 products with the highest export or import value (independently of the partner country), while top 50 bilateral flows shows top exports or imports to top partner countries. 

Use Tariff regimes by year to access information on trade agreements.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Top 50 bilateral flows step 2/2

The results

The first two lines of the result page show your selected Trade flow and Country.

This application automatically uses the ITC (Normalized trade matrix) as the Data source.

You can start a New Search or Modify the existing search by pressing:

The results – Scenario A

Above the results table, you may select the number of top leading exporter(s) to the leading importer from the drop-down menu. You can select any number between 1 and 10.

Finally, the results table includes the following columns:

·         Product code

·         Product description

·         Leading importing country from [Country]. These countries represent potential opportunities for market diversification

·         Leading importer’s imports from [Country], Value [Year], US$ ‘000, giving the value of the bilateral trade from the leading partner

·         World imports from [Country], Value [Year], US$ ‘000, shows you total world imports from the selected county, allowing you to deduce the relative share of the leading importer’s imports in world trade

·         Top [Number] leading exporters to the leading importer, indicating which countries are mayor competitors in the top 50 bilateral trade flows

The results – Scenario B

Above the results table, you may select the number of top leading importer(s) from the leading exporter from the drop-down menu. You can select any number between 1 and 10.

Finally, the results table includes the following columns:

·         Product code

·         Product description

·         Leading exporting country to [Country]. These countries represent potential opportunities for sourcing products

·         Leading exporter’s exports to [Country]. Value [year], US$ ‘000, giving the total value of the product exports to the selected country

·         World exports to [Country]. Value [year], US$ ‘000, shows you the total value of all exports to the selected country, allowing you to deduce the relative share of the leading exporter’s exports in world exports to the selected country

·         Top [Number] leading importers from the leading exporter, indicating which countries are mayor competitors in the top 50 bilateral trade flows

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Top 50 Products

WHAT?

Here you can search for a country’s top 50 export or import products. The results are listed by decreasing trade value per product.

Note

Results will be displayed at the HS6 digit code level.

 

Top 50 Products step 1/2

how?

1.     Select a Country for which you want to obtain bilateral trade flows e.g. Nicaragua

2.     Select the Year for the trade data. The latest available year is selected by default e.g. 2011

3.     Tick one of the two boxes to choose between:

o      The top 50 exported products with the leading importer of each product and the leading exporters to each market

(SCENARIO A)

o      The top 50 imported products with the leading exporter of each product and the leading importers from each market

(SCENARIO B)

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Top 50 products step 2/2

The results

This application automatically uses the ITC (Normalized trade matrix) as the Data source.

You can start a New Search or Modify the existing search by pressing:

The query overview just above the results table shows you the selected Country and type of product i.e. imported or exported. Here you can also choose how many top suppliers will be displayed for each product market. While the default number is set to 3, you can show up to 10 suppliers through the drop-down menu.

The results – Scenario A

Finally, the results table includes the following columns:

·         Product code

·         Product description

·         [Country] export to the world, Value [Year] (US$ ‘000) shows the total value of the selected country’s exports to the world for the given product and in a particular year

·         Top [number] leading importing partners (US$ ‘000) shows the mayor importing countries for the product exported by our selected Country e.g. Nicaragua. The number of partners can be controlled in the drop-down menu above the results table

·         Top [number] suppliers to the leading importing partner (US$ ‘000) shows which countries are mayor competitors in the leading

export market e.g. Timor-Leste supplying coffee (HS6 090111) to the United States of America

NOTE

Depending on trade data availability, fewer top suppliers might be listed than the number selected in the drop-down menu. This is conditional upon the Year selected for the data in step 1/2.

 

The results – Scenario B

Finally, the results table includes the following columns:

·         Product code

·         Product description

·         [Country] import from the world, Value [Year] (US$ ‘000) shows the total value of the selected country’s imports from the world for the given product and in a particular year

·         Top [number] leading exporting partners (US$ ‘000) shows the mayor exporting countries for the product imported by our selected Country e.g. Nicaragua. The number of partners can be controlled in the drop-down menu above the results table

·         Top [number] importers from the leading exporting partner (US$ ‘000)

 


Tariff averages

What?

Here you can search for tariff averages from a time series perspective, e.g. if you are interested in the level of tariffs across time, or from a sector perspective, e.g. if you wish to compare average agricultural to average manufacturing tariff.

Depending on the scenario you select in step 1/2, you will see:

·         Averages of applied tariffs by year (SCENARIO A)

·         Averages of final bound rates and applied tariffs by Harmonized System (HS) section (SCENARIO B)

 

Tariff averages step 1/2

How?

1.       Select a Country from the drop-down list e.g. Australia

2.       Choose the information you wish to see by checking either:

o    Tariff averages by year and sector (applied tariffs). Here averages are calculated for agricultural products and non-agricultural products (SCENARIO A)

o    Tariff averages by HS section (final bound rates and applied tariffs) (SCENARIO B)

 

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff averages step 2/2

the results – scenario a

The results table displays the average tariffs applied by the selected country for several years. The table contains the following columns:

·         Aggregation level:

o      All products imported by the country

o      Agricultural products only

o      Non-agricultural products only

·         Tariff regime used in aggregation:

o      Average of MFN tariffs

o      Average of preferential tariffs

·         Years for which data is available in the ITC (MAcMap) database

You can visualise your time series by pressing the  button on the left above of the table. The chart will appear in a pop-up window, with tariff percentages on the Y axis and years on the X axis.

Use the Products drop-down menu to choose whether the graph displays averages for:

·         All imported products

·         Agricultural products only

·         Non-agricultural products only

You can start a New Search or Modify the existing Search by pressing:

NOTE

In general, “non-preferential rate” refers to the most favoured nation (MFN) rate applied by WTO member countries and the General tariff applied by countries outside the WTO. However, some countries apply both MFN rates (to their WTO partners) and General tariffs (to other countries) e.g. the Russian Federation and the United States of America. In this case, Market Access Map will show the highest rate, hence the term “maximum rate”.

In general, “preferential rate” refers to the preferences granted to partner countries in the context of trade agreements or unilateral tariff preferences. These rates are lower than MFN or general tariffs. Several preferential schemes may exist between two countries, e.g. a regional trade agreement and the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP). In this case Market Access Map will show the lowest rate, hence the term “minimum rates”. If no preferential schemes exist between selected countries, the MFN or General tariff will be displayed.

 

the results – scenario b

Here you can see average duties by Harmonized System (HS) section for both final bound rates and applied tariffs.

You can start a New Search or Modify the existing Search by pressing:

Below, the results table with average final bound rates are displayed per HS2 (section) product code. The table contains the following columns:

1.     Section Code or HS2 product code

2.     Description of the section code

3.     Average tariff rate applied to the Harmonized System (HS) section by the selected Country e.g. Australia

The second results table displays average applied tariffs per HS2 (section) product code. Average applied tariffs are based on 2013 data using the HS revision 2012. The table layout is identical to the one discussed above.

You can visualise your time series by pressing the  button on the right above of the table. The chart will appear in a pop-up window, with the Harmonized System (HS) section code on the Y axis and the average bound tariff percentage on the X axis.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Tariff regimes by year

What?

Here you can search all the tariff regimes applied by one country to its partners during a specific year.

Tariff regimes by year step 1/2

How?

1.     Select an Importing country e.g. Norway

2.     Select an available Year from the drop-down menu

[Return to the Table of Contents]

 

Tariff regimes by year step 2/2

The results

The result of your search is a list of all tariff regimes that are available in Market Access Map for the country and year you have selected.

Click on the name of the trade agreement or tariff regime to see a list of member countries in a pop-up window. To go back to the list of agreements, close the pop-up window.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Publications and indicators

What?

Here you can search and download information contained in the World Tariff Profiles (WTP), a joint publication of ITC, UNCTAD and WTO.

World Tariff Profiles (WTP) provides detailed data on the final bound rates and applied tariffs of WTO members. Information on each country's market access is presented in summary tables, allowing cross-country comparisons. Country pages detail the level of protection for domestic markets and the protectionism encountered in the major export markets.

How?

Select a Country from the drop-down list (e.g. Jordan) and then click on ‘Publication details’. The relevant file will be downloaded automatically.

Each profile is divided in 3 sections:

·         Part A.1: Tariffs and imports: Summary and duty ranges

·         Part A.2: Tariffs and imports by product groups

·         Part B: Exports to major trading partners and duties faced

 

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Non-tariff measures links

What?

Here you can search for links to third party websites that provide information on non-tariff measures (NTMs).

Non-tariff measures links step 1/2

how?

Select a Country for which you want to find NTMs web links from the drop-down list.

Note

Only countries for which NTM links are available are listed in the drop-down list.

[Return to the Table of Contents]

 

Non-tariff measures links step 2/2

What?

Here you can view links to third party websites with information on non-tariff measures (NTMs) that are of relevance to the Country you have selected.

the results

The results table classifies third party websites according to 4 tabs at the top of the page:

·         Import Regulations contains websites describing laws and requirements regulating imports of the selected country

·         Export Regulations contains websites describing laws and requirements regulating exports of the selected country

·         Trade support Institutions contains websites provided by trade support institutions (TSIs)

·         International websites contains international links that are relevant for any country

When a tab is selected, links are listed according to their source in 4 different columns.

·         NTM issue shows the type(s) of NTM(s), classified according to the multi-agency classification of NTMs whenever possible

·         Web page title (English)

·         Description gives a brief description of the information provided through the third party link

·         Language denotes the language(s) in which the third-party information is available. Languages are denoted in their 2-letter ISO language codes, e.g. EN for English

 

Click on 2-letter codes for language to access the third party website.

Note

Each column contains a search box to help you narrow your search. By typing in a key word, the table is filtered and will only show third party links containing this word.

NOTE

The navigation bar at the bottom of the page allows you to navigate between result pages and select the maximum number of items per page via the Page size drop-down menu.

By clicking any of the  icons on the top-right of the table, you can export the results table to (from left to right):

·         MS Excel

·         CSV

·         MS Word

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Options

What?

The Options module allows you manage parameters that are used regularly in Market Access Map searches.

This module contains the following sub-modules:

·         Manage country groups

·         Manage product groups

·         Manage default settings (Quick search)

·         User account

 

HOW?

You can find the Options module on the navigation bar at the top of the page. When you move your cursor over the  tab, you will see a drop-down menu listing the different sub-modules. Choose any one of them clicking on the desired sub-module heading

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Manage country groups

What?

The Manage country groups module allows you to create, edit or delete your own country groups.

How?

You can:

·         Create a new country group by selecting

·         Edit pre-existing groups by selecting Edit link located to the right of the country group

·         Delete a group by pressing the adjacent  sign

A pop-up window will appear when you press Create. Here you must:

1.     Enter a Group name

2.     Select the countries you want to add to the group. You can select from standard groups, your own groups, or individual countries by expanding the appropriate tab on the left-hand side.

Note

You can add or remove countries from your group by pressing and respectively.

Selecting  and   you can move all individual countries in your country group and vice versa.

Remember to press  once you have created your group.

[Return to the Table of Contents]

 

Manage product groups

What?

The Manage product groups module allows you to create, edit or delete your own product groups.

How?

You can:

·         Create a new product group by selecting

·         Edit pre-existing groups by selecting Edit link located to the right of the country group

·         Delete this group by pressing the adjacent  sign

A pop-up window will appear when you press Create. Here you must

1.     Enter a Group name

2.     Select a product you want to add to the group. You can select by description or code, from a product tree, by cluster, from standard groups, your own groups by expanding the appropriate tab on the left-hand side.

Note

You can add or remove countries from your group by pressing and respectively.

Selecting  and   you can move all individual countries in your country group and vice versa.

Remember to press  once you have created your group.

[Return to the Table of Contents]

Manage default settings (quick search)

What?

The Manage default settings sub-module allows you to select the settings that will be used by default in the module Quick search. When using more advanced modules, you will be able to modify these settings directly while you are creating your query.

How?

1.     Select the Trade data source. You may choose between:

·         ITC (Normalized trade matrix)

·         ITC (MAcMap) - UNSD (UN Comtrade) data

 

2.     Select the AVE calculation methodology for applied tariffs. You may choose between:

·         AVE based on the World Tariff Profile (WTP) methodology

·         AVE based on the World Unit Value (WUV) methodology

3.     Press

To learn more about available data sources and the ad valorem equivalent (AVE) calculation used in Market access Map see Data availability and Methodology.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

User account

What?

The User account module allows you to:

·         Manage your Email notification settings by selecting the relevant boxes and pressing .

·         Monitor Download permissions to know how many records you can download.

·         Gives and chronological overview of your Download logs

[Return to the Table of Contents]

Support Materials

What?

The Support materials module allows you to easily access different support materials that can be useful when you are using Market Access Map. The following materials and sub-modules will help you navigate through Market Access Map and deepen your knowledge on market access and international trade:

·         User guide

Provides step-by-step instructions on the use of every Market Access Map sub-module. The user guide also gives additional information about market access data issues, the interpretation of results and the navigation of the application.

·         E-Learning

Provides materials that further explain market access and trade concepts through both theory and in-depth examples. For certain sub-modules, there are video tutorials displaying step-by-step use of the application. These can be accessed directly from the relevant sub-module.

·         Data availability gives an overview of the different types of data available in Market Access Map. The available years are listed for each type.

·         Methodology

Provides more detailed technical information on the methodoly used in the application. This sub-module includes information on the calculation of ad valorem equivalents (AVEs), product aggregation, rounding and non-tariff measures (NTM) classification.

·         Product nomenclatures

Provides flexible conversion tables between all revisions of the Harmonized System (HS) (from 1992 to 2012) as well as tables between various nomenclatures (HS-SITC and HS-ISIC).

·         Glossary

Provides a comprehensive list of technical terms and acronyms used in Market Access map. In the online user guide, technical terms are frequently hyperlinked to their glossary entry, that contains a brief explanation.

·         Useful links

Provides a list containing useful links for further information concerning market access. Each link is accompanied by a brief description.

·         Data providers

Lists the various data providers for Market Access Map with additional information on the format of this data and where it is used in the application.

·         Sitemap

Provides an at-a-glance overview of all sub-modules in Market Access Map.

·         FAQs

Addresses user question frequently sent to us by email and posed during ITC capacity building trainings.

·         Promote our sites

Allows users who wish to promote our tools incorporate banner icons on their webpage. These icons are redirect visitors directly to the tools.

HOW?

You can find the module Support materials on the navigation bar at the top of the page. When you move your cursor over the  tab, you will see a drop-down menu listing the different sub-modules. Choose any one of them by clicking on the desired sub-module heading.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Data availability

What?

The Data availability sub-module gives an overview of the data available in Market Access Map. Availability is shown for:

·         Most favoured nation (MFN) applied tariffs

·         Preferential tariffs

·         Tariff rate quotas

·         Trade remedies

·         Final bound rates

·         Non-tariff measures (NTMs)

·         Yearly trade flows

For MFN applied tariffs, Preferential tariffs, Tariff rate quotas and Trade remedies, the data availability table contains the following columns:

·         Country shows the country for which data availability is given on any particular row

·         Data availability [Year] shows whether data is available and in what revision. If there is data available for a given Country in a particular [Year], the cell will display the HS revision of the data e.g. in 2007, MFN applied tariffs data for Afghanistan was available in the HS 2002 revision (HS02)

Note

Trade remedies include antidumping, countervailing and safeguard duties.

For Final bound rates the data availability table simply list the available countries Market Access Map shows all final bound rates in HS revision 2002.

For Non-tariff measures, the data availability table contains the following columns:

·         Country shows the country for which NTM data availability is given on any particular row

·         Data availability [Year] shows whether NTM data is available and whether it concerns:

o    Measures regulating imports e.g. Egyptian companies buying fertilizer abroad and importing this fertilizer into Egypt do so according to measures regulating imports

o    Measures regulating exports e.g. the same companies exporting oranges from Egypt do so according to measures regulating exports

o    Measures regulating imports and exports

For Yearly trade flows data, you may choose to display data availability by selecting  at the top left corner of the table. You can select:

·         By nomenclature. Here data may be available in multiple revisions for a given [Year] e.g. Benin trade data for 2008 is available in HS revisions HS92, HS96, HS02, HS07, HS12.

·         By trade flow. Here the data availability table indicates whether data is available for Export, Import or both.

Note

Product nomenclature codes may include SITC revisions, denoted as S1 (revision 1), S2, S3 and S4.

 

HOW?

·         To change the type of data displayed in the table, click the desired tab on the horizontal tab right above the table

·         Click on the column headings to sort the results in the table

·         You can set multiple Filters at the same time to narrow your search by selecting your preferred criteria from the drop-down menus to the left of the table. Depending on the data type you have selected on top of the data availability table, you can filter according to:

1.       Country group/Region

2.       Nomenclature/Revision

The filter values are set to “All” by default.

 

At the bottom of the data availability table, the Total countries row indicates the total number of countries for which data is available in a particular [Year] column.

[Return to the Table of Contents]


 

Product nomenclatures

What?

The Product nomenclatures sub-module provides the following set of options for you to search and download the product codes and descriptions you are interested in.

-          Search by keyword lets you find the Harmonized System (HS) and National tariff line code of one or multiple products by typing one or multiple words contained in its description

-          Search by hierarchy lets you find a specific product by drilling in the HS classification from a higher to a lower hierarchical level (down to a maximum of 6 digit product codes)

-          Conversions allow you to use correspondence tables between all revisions of the Harmonized System (HS) Nomenclature (from 1992 to 2012) as well as correspondence tables between various nomenclatures (HS-SITC and HS-ISIC)

-          Download lets you find and export full HS nomenclatures and NTL codes and descriptions

 

HOW?

Search by keyword

1.     Choose the product level you are interested in (HS or NTL product codes and descriptions). If you select National tariff line code, you should also specify for which country and which year you would like to perform your keyword search (remember that NTL codes and corresponding descriptions can differ among countries).

2.     Type the word(s) you would like to find in the product description

In the result table you can find all the product descriptions that include at least one of the words you typed. In the last column you can also see in which HS revision the corresponding product was found.

Search by hierarchy

Drill down from the HS section level to the HS6 level to find your product code or description by clicking on the arrow on the left side of each item

Conversions

1.     Select nomenclature that you want to convert in the left drop-down menu e.g. HS Rev. 2007

2.     Select the HS revision you want to convert into through the Show correspondence with drop-down menu on the right e.g. HS Rev. 2012

 

Note

You can select different nomenclatures (HS, SITC and ISIC) in the left drop down list called Select nomenclature.

 

The resulting conversion table shows the correspondence of all products from the revision you selected (on the left) with its counterpart (on the right).

To filter for particular products within a nomenclature, enter a search in one of the column headings and press .

You can download the resulting conversion table in Excel or .CSV by pressing the  icons on the top left of the screen.

 Download

-          Choose the product level you are interested in (HS or NTL product codes and descriptions). If you select National tariff line you need to specify for which country and year you would like to download the full list of product codes and descriptions.

-          Select in which format would you like to export your data and then click on Download

[Return to the Table of Contents]

 

Tips & tricks

Numbered instructions

The numbered HOW? instructions must be followed step-by-step. For example, in Find tariffs you will not be able to select the Year before having selected the Importing country, as the availability of data by year is conditional upon the country selected. Similarly, you cannot select a Product before having selected the Importing country

 

world vs. all

In several sub-modules throughout the application, you can select both World and All as the partner country. All selects every country individually and lists them in the result page. World will calculate an average (or sum, depending on the data) of all partner countries.

The navigation bar

The navigation bar at the bottom of each result table allows you to navigate between result pages and select the maximum number of items per page via the Page size drop-down menu.

If you are using a slow internet connection (dial-up), we recommend that you decrease the number of countries shown per page to avoid long loading times.

 

Sorting results

In a results table you can change the ordering of the listed variables by clicking on any column heading. The table will be re-ordered according to the values in this column. If you click the same heading once more, the order will reverse.

 

EUROPEAN UNION

If you are looking for tariff rates or non-tariff measures (NTMs) / regulations applied by the EU, you can select any member country as EU trade policy is decided at the EU level and is identical for each member country.

We also recommend using EU Export Helpdesk (http://exporthelp.europa.eu/) – a one-stop-shop for the EU tariffs, requirements, preferential arrangements, quotas and statistics.

 

E-LEARNING

Market Access Map includes many training materials that further explain market access and trade concepts through both theory and indepth examples. All video tutorials and training materials are available on the ITC Market Analysis e-Learning Platform. For certain sub-modules, video tutorials display step-by-step use of the application. These can be accessed directly from the relevant sub-module.

STILL HAVE QUESTIONS?

 

Contact us:

Market Analysis and Research, International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO; Palais des Nations; CH-1211 Geneva 10; Switzerland

Tel.: +41 (0)22 730 02 34

Fax: +41 (0)22 730 05 77

 

marketanalysis@intracen.org

[Return to the Table of Contents]